The Details About Dentals
Physical Examination, Dental Assessment & Rating
This is the most important component of safe pet healthcare. Dr. Wilson is experienced and highly trained to identify all aspects of your pet’s well being. He will evaluate all aspects of your pet’s health, including listening for heart murmurs, arrhythmias and healthy lungs. We will only proceed after he feels your pet’s health is appropriate for anesthesia. The dental assessment classifies oral health and includes staging from periodontics (gum disease), endodontics (tooth pulp disease), calculus (mineralized plaque), and teeth health. It is used to select antibiotics, pain control, whether extractions are necessary, and tooth preservation.
For the well being of your pet, a pre-anesthesia lab analysis is used to identify health issues that are not readily detected by a general physical examination. Most pets undergoing dental procedures already have significant dental disease which itself can influence the kidney, liver, lungs and heart. Pre-anesthesia lab testing helps identify hidden health issues and helps to objectively evaluate your pet's internal organ systems. Pre-anesthesia lab work helps insure your pet is in a low risk category for anesthesia. This information will also help us after the procedure by providing a baseline, which can be used for comparison if your pet is ill in the future. If any significant abnormalities are detected we will contact you to discuss the findings.
Anesthesia & Monitoring
The sedative injection (the initial component of anesthesia) helps sedate your pet, reduce stress, and provide pain control. The Intravenous Catheter (IV) Catheter allow further IV injections to be given without stress to your pet. Additionally, it is a further security while your pet is under anesthesia. IV fluids are administered to help maintain blood pressure to support organ health and function as well as prevent dehydration. We use Sevoflurane Inhalant Anesthesia which is the safest anesthesia and we use modern anesthetic protocols. Most pets wake up minutes after procedures are completed. We provide warmth during and after anesthesia, to prevent the body from cooling and keep your pet as comfortable as possible. In addition to our doctors, our entire staff has training and experience that is coupled with technological monitoring to create the safest anesthetic environment available. We use the latest technology for measuring blood pressure, oxygen saturation (pulse oximetry), respiration and for recording electrocardiograms during surgery. With our protocol, our pets remain sedate and relaxed till later, by design.
Oral Radiographs (X-rays) (There is an additional fee for this service)
Radiographs are used to detect disease in the bone that is not detectable via examination or probing. Research has shown that up to 75% of all pets have some form of significant dental disease that radiographs are used to identify. If the doctor decides that your pet needs oral radiographs, we will take them prior to the dental treatment so we can identify areas that need special treatments. We will review the radiographs with you and show you everything that was identified.
Dental Procedures & Extractions (there is an addition fee for extractions)
We will probe around each tooth to determine if there is any periodontal disease and to determine if any teeth need to be extracted. The enamel and margin of the gum line (subgingiva) are scaled with two different high-speed probes and then polished. The polish is important to help delay recurrence of plaque and tartar. Fluoride is used to decrease discomfort and harden enamel. We will extract any tooth that we feel is diseased or causing pain. Extracting teeth requires additional time, instrumentation and skill. Only our doctors will extract teeth, and all measures are used to make it as painless as possible. Modern pain control protocols allow pets to recover rapidly and feel better in a very short period of time.
Pain Control & Antibiotics (there are additional charges for this service)
We place a premium on your pet’s quality of life, so pain control medication is used whenever needed. Take-home pain control medications are used when extractions and other surgical procedures are performed. If a procedure is performed that may be uncomfortable or painful, we will use pre-emptive analgesia (blocking the pain pathways before the painful procedure starts), and balanced anesthesia (specifically blocking the pain pathways from as many directions as possible with a variety of drugs). Pain control combines the use of injectable and oral medications used in the hospital and at home. Antibiotics are used before every dental procedure. Most every pet receives an antibiotic injection in the morning before the dental procedures. Many factors are considered as to whether your pet should also receive oral antibiotics (pill, capsule, or liquid) at home before and after the procedures. Generally, severe infections need antibiotics to be administered at home.
Healthy Normal Smile
Veterinary Technician Cleaning Teeth
Scaling and Cleaning Under the Gumline